How to use Scrapy in Python

1 min

Scrapy is a popular Python library for web scraping and crawling. It provides a simple and powerful way to extract data from websites, including extracting structured data like URLs, headers, and form data, as well as the unstructured data found in the HTML content of a webpage.

Here are the basic steps to use Scrapy in Python:

  1. Install Scrapy by running pip install scrapy
  2. Create a new Scrapy project by running scrapy startproject <project_name>
  3. Create a new spider by running scrapy genspider <spider_name> <domain>
  4. Define the spider's starting URL, allowed domains, and the parsing logic in the spider's parse() method
  5. Run the spider by running scrapy crawl <spider_name>

Here's an example of how to use Scrapy to scrape data from a website:

import scrapy

class QuotesSpider(scrapy.Spider):
    name = "quotes"
    start_urls = [

    def parse(self, response):
        for quote in response.css('div.quote'):
            yield {
                'text': quote.css('span.text::text').get(),
                'author': quote.css('span small::text').get(),
                'tags': quote.css('div.tags a.tag::text').getall(),

Scrapy also provides many useful features, such as the ability to follow links, handle cookies, and pass data between different spiders, which helps to handle complex web scraping tasks.

Additionally, it allows you to export data to a variety of formats like json, csv, xml, etc.

It's worth noting that web scraping is subject to legal and ethical restrictions in some cases, it is important to understand and comply with the terms of service of the websites you are scraping.